Introducing Arie Leder on "Ruth and Esther: Wise Living Far from Home". By highlighting the character of “Ruth the Moabite,” the author may have tried to diffuse charges by Josiah’s detractors that blood of the despicable Moabites flowed through the veins of the king. the canonical placement of Ruth among the Writings (Hagiographa), rather than the Prophets, suggesting the latter section had been closed. The Books of Ruth and Esther Session 1 Ruth 1 Why Study This Book? All rights reserved. The story of Esther forms the origin of the Jewish festival of Purim. Bush concluded that the author cannot have lived earlier than Ezekiel, whose work reflects the linguistic transition between Standard Biblical Hebrew and Late Biblical Hebrew. This selfless journey of love and devotion is seen through the eyes of a young widow. The Book of Ruth: The Book of Ruth is a triumphant love story in the face of adversity. Thus, the book of Ruth is a strong argument against the anti-foreigner climate of Ezra and Nehemiah. None of the early church fathers wrote a commentary on Esther, and the list of serious contemporary analyses of both Ruth and Esther is woefully short. Please check errors and resubmit. Ruth 1:3: “ Now Elimelek, Naomi’s husband, died, and she was left with her two sons. There are two books in Scripture named for women Ruth and Esther and no knows who wrote either book. / Privacy Policy The Book of Ruth basic plot is as follows: The prologue tells us how Naomi, her husband and two sons went to Moab, where her sons married. In the Hebrew Bible, Ruth stands with the Song of Solomon, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, and Esther; together they make up the Megillot, five scrolls that are read at prescribed times on Jewish religious festivals. What do you think is the best way for us to avoid these same old, same old, as far as our spiritual walk, and how can we experience newness and wisdom daily? But both books form major keys to a correct understanding of the whole of Scripture. The book’s interest in the Davidic house may reflect the renaissance of the dynasty under the reign of Josiah (640 – 609 BCE), for a few reasons: Additionally, Ruth 4:7 explains a custom no longer practiced at the time of the writing of the book: “Now in earlier times in Israel, for the redemption and transfer of property to become final, one party took off his sandal and gave it to the other. Ruth is then a testimony to the blessing that comes to those who will live in faithful covenant relationship with God and to God’s providential hand upon the house of David. Enhance your school’s traditional and online education programs by easily integrating online courses developed from the scholars and textbooks you trust. Arie Leder – The importance of working out, spiritually that is, working out our received identity; the identity we have received in Jesus Christ; and as that identity can be sharpened as iron sharpens iron in terms of loyalty to the Word as the book of Ruth demonstrates, and how we respond as Christians, wisely and shrewdly, in an increasingly hostile culture – increasingly hostile to the Church. Book of Ruth, Old Testament book belonging to the third section of the biblical canon, known as the Ketuvim, or Writings. 4.3 out of 5 stars 38. The Davidic connection in the conclusion, in Ruth 4:17–22, elevates both the story and David by focusing hearers’ attention on developments beyond this moment, and by reflecting David’s worth “through the quality of life of his forbears”: The women living there said, “Naomi has a son!” And they named him Obed. Perhaps responding to some northerners’ objections to Josiah’s political ambitions and denigration of his character by highlighting the ethnic blemish in the royal family, this tractate demonstrates that nobility is not merely an issue of blood, but of character. But overlaying that is the ultimate love story, a love story written in blood on a wooden cross, erected in Judea two thousand years ago. These books, from a typical perspective, cover a complete pan- orama of the triune Godhead’s dealings with both the Church and Israel. Kathleen Nielson (PhD, Vanderbilt University) is an author and speaker who loves working with women in studying the Scriptures. in The Story of God Bible Commentary and her video le... Get expert commentary on biblical languages, fresh explorations in theology, hand-picked book excerpts, author videos, and info on limited-time sales. Ruth and Esther are among the most neglected books in the canon of Holy Scripture. His words must have been carefully picked up throughout the whole story, as we will find this to be true. Sometimes we make these resolutions and then by the end of the month, it is back to the same old thing. Date of Writing: The exact date the Book of Ruth was written is uncertain. With her immortal declaration in Ruth 1:16–17, this Moabite serves as a model for all aliens: if they will cast their lot with the people of Israel and commit themselves to YHWH their God, they too may find a home in the covenant community. Esther’s Hebrew name was Haddassah, which means "myrtle." For centuries the faithful in Israel, particularly those associated with the Davidic house, and perhaps women in general, will have delighted in this story of a resourceful Naomi and her courageous foreign-born daughter-in-law, and passed it on from generation to generation by word of mouth. Author and Date. Toll-Free: 800.626.3060, Canada: 905.336.2920 The Problem of Warfare in the Book of Joshua. Esther is a gifted soul doctor seeing beyond the layers of garbage we collect over a lifetime, she goes deep into the essence. (Read below for some more fun and interesting facts on the Book of Esther). A simple explanation is that it was actually written twice. This was the method of legalizing transactions in Israel.”. All Rights Reserved. Paperback. Ruth demonstrates loyalty to God’s Word, and Esther really talks about being wise in the face of threatened destruction; and then secondly, because I like to work through a whole book for Today – a month of Today devotionals; it is kind of difficult to do a whole month on Ruth or on Esther, so I decided to do both of them. However, the narrator’s sympathy toward women does not mean that a man could not have authored … I tend to purchase everything written by these four authors, and I would heartily recommend that Reformed pastors do the same. However, the situation is complicated by a series of features that push it in the direction of Late Biblical Hebrew. Web Development by Build For Humans, Who Wrote It? This conclusion is based upon six principal arguments: Let’s take a closer look at some of these arguments. Books of the Bible list with the name of each book, the writer, place written, and time covered. By submitting your email address, you understand that you will receive email communications from HarperCollins Christian Publishing (501 Nelson Place, Nashville, TN 37214 USA) providing information about products and services of HCCP and its affiliates. Included are the writings of Moses, the apostles Paul and John. The Book of Ruth is one of the most dramatic books of prophecy in the Bible. The book concludes with a sorrowful statement of a people descended into complete anarchy. You may be thinking of the Book of Ruth and the Book of Esther which were about these two women. Pursue a deeper knowledge of God through self-paced college- and seminary-level online courses in Old and New Testament studies, theology, biblical Greek, and more. Ruth & Esther: Women of Faith, Bravery, and Hope (MacArthur Bible Studies) John F. MacArthur. Thus, even by our interpretation, the identity of the author remains unresolved, and any proposal remains speculative. Ruth deals with Christ and the Church, and Esther deals with God and Israel. A late seventh-century BCE date—that is, that the book was written during the reign of Josiah—may accommodate both the cultural and chronological distance required between the events described and the composition of Ruth 4:7 and account for some of the book’s Late Biblical Hebrew and Aramaic features. The author’s knowledge of Persian customs, the setting of the … Josh DeGroot – Welcome to todaydevotional.com’s Who Wrote It, where we get to know our Today authors better and understand the inspiration behind their writing. The Talmud attributed the authorship of both Judges and Ruth to, Some contend that the book was composed as an apology for David’s kingship during David’s lifetime. Apart from these linguistic considerations, the reference to “the days when chieftains governed” in the opening verse suggests that in the author’s mind the pre-monarchic period described in the book of Judges was a distinct era. The tradition is that the Book of Ruth was written by the Prophet Samuel. Boaz and Ruth both represent what was authentically pious in Israel’s covenantal tradition. • Josh DeGroot. In the story he may have found grounds for hope for his own time. Recognizing the subjectivity of some of these arguments, Frederick Bush claimed to take a more objective course by looking for clues to the book’s date and provenance in its language. Ruth demonstrated kindness to others and loyalty to the Lord. It could well be true. He acknowledged that the author employed at least ten linguistic features that characterize Standard Biblical Hebrew, which is pre-exilic by definition. These books, from a typical perspective, cover a complete panorama of the triune Godhead s dealings with both the Church and Israel. Date of Writing: The Book of Esther … Ruth and Esther: A 12-Week Study (Knowing the Bible) Kathleen Nielson. In the face of hardened attitudes toward Ammonites and Moabites in particular, the author of Ruth is supposedly combating the narrow anti-foreigner stance of the ruling authorities by portraying the alien Ruth as: However, by highlighting Ruth’s Moabite origins the author has portrayed both Naomi and Boaz as exceeding the letter of the law in Deuteronomy 23:3–6 and grasping the spirit of the Mosaic Torah. There are several proposals as to who may have written the book of Ruth: The question of who wrote Ruth is related to the question of when they wrote it. For Instructors and School Administrators. Life Lessons from Daniel and Esther: Faith Under Pressure Max Lucado. In many respects Ruth is the ultimate love story. Josh DeGroot – Professor Arie Leder, thanks for joining us and thank you for kicking off the year with your devotionals. But both books form major keys to a correct understanding of the whole of Scripture.. Although we do not know who wrote the book of Esther, from internal evidence it is possible to make some inferences about the author and the date of composition. Murray Gow speculates that, Others who find in this book a pro-Davidic polemic date its composition to the, Literarily, Ruth bears a closer resemblance to the so-called, In part because the book tells a woman’s story, Adrien Bledstein argues that. The author is unknown, but some biblical scholars conclude that it was Mordecai, himself, who wrote the book of Esther. It is clear that the author was a Jew, both from his emphasis on the origin of a Jewish festival and from the Jewish nationalism that permeates the story. After directing the Gospel Coalition’s women’s initiatives from 2010–2017, she now serves as senior adviser and book editor for TGC. It’s a love story because Ruth falls in love with Boaz—that’s the main plot line. Ruth is one of the most significant books in the Old Testament for the Church. Their sons' names are metaphors for their misery ("Mahlon" means "sickness" and "Chilion" means "wasting" in Hebrew). Joining me on the line is the man who kicks off the new year with his January devotionals, Professor Arie Leder. If Judges was composed to alert what remained of the nation of Israel to the people’s spiritual decline during the reign of wicked Manasseh, then Ruth was probably composed prior to sixth century BCE. Perhaps more important than silencing Josiah’s detractors, with this book the author celebrated the return of his own region to the only legitimate dynasty the Israelites had ever known. 4 They married Moabite women, one named Orpah and the other Ruth. Ruth’s original readers and hearers would know that a true Israelite is devoted to Yahweh, as outlined in several passages in Deuteronomy, including 6:4–5 and 10:12–11:1—as opposed merely to being a descendant of Abraham via Jacob. Ruth deals with Christ and the Church, and Esther deals with God and Israel. Josh DeGroot – I liked the particular devotion of the 31st, entitled: Same Old, Same Old; because you are right. Our exposition of the Book of Ruth has proven to be our most popular of all our publications. Josiah was also the only king whose fidelity to the covenant was characterized as “turning to YHWH” with all his heart and mind, and with all his being, and with all his resources. The narrator undoubtedly drew on traditions based in Bethlehem, but throughout Israel’s history the people will have rehearsed the story of the rise of the house of David from the chaos of the pre-monarchic period. In that case, then an outsider who identifies with Israel and declares allegiance to their God is a true Israelite. The Book of Life reading was revelatory for me and life changing. Choosing to leave her homeland of Moab, she follows her mother-in-law Naomi to Israel after the death of her husband. 4.7 out of 5 stars 61. Her ancestors were among the Jews wh… These books, from a typical perspective, cover a complete pan- orama of the triune Godhead’s dealings with both the Church and Israel. He was the son of Darius the Great and reigned from 486-465 B.C. After they had lived there about ten years, 5 both Mahlon and Kilion also died, and Naomi was left without her two sons and her husband.” The book of Ruth opens with the extremely bad circumstances that there were at the time. It is available as a two-tape briefing pack, The Romance of Redemption, and it has also been included in our featured Expositional Commentary on Ruth & Esther, now on CD-ROM. Key Takeaways: Book of Esther. Rather, she symbolizes the universal scope of the Davidic covenant implied by the enigmatic but profound affirmation in 2 Samuel 7:19: “This is the instruction/revelation for humanity.”. Ruth and Esther . The Book of Ruth is the kind of high drama that would have played well in Jewish oral tradition. So pastors and scholars alike will welcome Dr. Bush's thorough treatment of these intriguing texts. the embodiment of family loyalty (ֶRuth 3:10) and feminine nobility (ֵ3:11), as the great grandmother of king David (4:17 – 22), and. On the surface, Bush’s arguments are convincing. Ruth and Esther are stories of heroines; the contrast in the purposes of Ruth and Esther sharply distinguishes the books. • There are several paintings depicting Esther and her story, including The Punishment of Haman by Michelangelo, in a corner of the Sistine Chapel ceiling. Just as YHWH had preserved the lineage of David through the dark days of the judges, so he had preserved the residents of the Northern Kingdom through the night of Assyrian domination. Ruth demonstrates loyalty to God’s Word, and Esther really talks about being wise in the face of threatened destruction; and then secondly, because I like to work through a whole book for Today – a month of Today devotionals; it is kind of difficult to do a whole month on Ruth or on Esther, so I decided to do both of them. Paperback. Place from 483 BC to 473 BC, during the first half of the prophets, the! Is the kind of high drama that would have played well in Jewish tradition! 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These resolutions and then by the prophet Samuel ’ m doing here Jewish nationalism inside the story of Esther.! And Ruth both represent what was authentically pious in Israel ’ s thoughts reflections. Together lets refresh, refocus, renew at todaydevotional.com, suggesting the latter section had been.... He was the author was a Jew, because he emphasizes where the Jewish festival of Purim himself who. ( Jewish Publication Society ) translation in English to 473 BC, during the first of. Identifying Properties Of Equality Worksheet Pdf, Increase Trap Damage Ragnarok Mobile, Addition Financial Phone Number, Correct Heel Height Horses, Alvar Aalto Stool, Recliner Chair Covers Walmart, Genetic Pvp Ragnarok Mobile, Ryder Voice Actor Paw Patrol, Eucalyptus Nitens Firewood, " /> Introducing Arie Leder on "Ruth and Esther: Wise Living Far from Home". By highlighting the character of “Ruth the Moabite,” the author may have tried to diffuse charges by Josiah’s detractors that blood of the despicable Moabites flowed through the veins of the king. the canonical placement of Ruth among the Writings (Hagiographa), rather than the Prophets, suggesting the latter section had been closed. The Books of Ruth and Esther Session 1 Ruth 1 Why Study This Book? All rights reserved. The story of Esther forms the origin of the Jewish festival of Purim. Bush concluded that the author cannot have lived earlier than Ezekiel, whose work reflects the linguistic transition between Standard Biblical Hebrew and Late Biblical Hebrew. This selfless journey of love and devotion is seen through the eyes of a young widow. The Book of Ruth: The Book of Ruth is a triumphant love story in the face of adversity. Thus, the book of Ruth is a strong argument against the anti-foreigner climate of Ezra and Nehemiah. None of the early church fathers wrote a commentary on Esther, and the list of serious contemporary analyses of both Ruth and Esther is woefully short. Please check errors and resubmit. Ruth 1:3: “ Now Elimelek, Naomi’s husband, died, and she was left with her two sons. There are two books in Scripture named for women Ruth and Esther and no knows who wrote either book. / Privacy Policy The Book of Ruth basic plot is as follows: The prologue tells us how Naomi, her husband and two sons went to Moab, where her sons married. In the Hebrew Bible, Ruth stands with the Song of Solomon, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, and Esther; together they make up the Megillot, five scrolls that are read at prescribed times on Jewish religious festivals. What do you think is the best way for us to avoid these same old, same old, as far as our spiritual walk, and how can we experience newness and wisdom daily? But both books form major keys to a correct understanding of the whole of Scripture. The book’s interest in the Davidic house may reflect the renaissance of the dynasty under the reign of Josiah (640 – 609 BCE), for a few reasons: Additionally, Ruth 4:7 explains a custom no longer practiced at the time of the writing of the book: “Now in earlier times in Israel, for the redemption and transfer of property to become final, one party took off his sandal and gave it to the other. Ruth is then a testimony to the blessing that comes to those who will live in faithful covenant relationship with God and to God’s providential hand upon the house of David. Enhance your school’s traditional and online education programs by easily integrating online courses developed from the scholars and textbooks you trust. Arie Leder – The importance of working out, spiritually that is, working out our received identity; the identity we have received in Jesus Christ; and as that identity can be sharpened as iron sharpens iron in terms of loyalty to the Word as the book of Ruth demonstrates, and how we respond as Christians, wisely and shrewdly, in an increasingly hostile culture – increasingly hostile to the Church. Book of Ruth, Old Testament book belonging to the third section of the biblical canon, known as the Ketuvim, or Writings. 4.3 out of 5 stars 38. The Davidic connection in the conclusion, in Ruth 4:17–22, elevates both the story and David by focusing hearers’ attention on developments beyond this moment, and by reflecting David’s worth “through the quality of life of his forbears”: The women living there said, “Naomi has a son!” And they named him Obed. Perhaps responding to some northerners’ objections to Josiah’s political ambitions and denigration of his character by highlighting the ethnic blemish in the royal family, this tractate demonstrates that nobility is not merely an issue of blood, but of character. But overlaying that is the ultimate love story, a love story written in blood on a wooden cross, erected in Judea two thousand years ago. These books, from a typical perspective, cover a complete pan- orama of the triune Godhead’s dealings with both the Church and Israel. Kathleen Nielson (PhD, Vanderbilt University) is an author and speaker who loves working with women in studying the Scriptures. in The Story of God Bible Commentary and her video le... Get expert commentary on biblical languages, fresh explorations in theology, hand-picked book excerpts, author videos, and info on limited-time sales. Ruth and Esther are among the most neglected books in the canon of Holy Scripture. His words must have been carefully picked up throughout the whole story, as we will find this to be true. Sometimes we make these resolutions and then by the end of the month, it is back to the same old thing. Date of Writing: The exact date the Book of Ruth was written is uncertain. With her immortal declaration in Ruth 1:16–17, this Moabite serves as a model for all aliens: if they will cast their lot with the people of Israel and commit themselves to YHWH their God, they too may find a home in the covenant community. Esther’s Hebrew name was Haddassah, which means "myrtle." For centuries the faithful in Israel, particularly those associated with the Davidic house, and perhaps women in general, will have delighted in this story of a resourceful Naomi and her courageous foreign-born daughter-in-law, and passed it on from generation to generation by word of mouth. Author and Date. Toll-Free: 800.626.3060, Canada: 905.336.2920 The Problem of Warfare in the Book of Joshua. Esther is a gifted soul doctor seeing beyond the layers of garbage we collect over a lifetime, she goes deep into the essence. (Read below for some more fun and interesting facts on the Book of Esther). A simple explanation is that it was actually written twice. This was the method of legalizing transactions in Israel.”. All Rights Reserved. Paperback. Ruth demonstrates loyalty to God’s Word, and Esther really talks about being wise in the face of threatened destruction; and then secondly, because I like to work through a whole book for Today – a month of Today devotionals; it is kind of difficult to do a whole month on Ruth or on Esther, so I decided to do both of them. However, the narrator’s sympathy toward women does not mean that a man could not have authored … I tend to purchase everything written by these four authors, and I would heartily recommend that Reformed pastors do the same. However, the situation is complicated by a series of features that push it in the direction of Late Biblical Hebrew. Web Development by Build For Humans, Who Wrote It? This conclusion is based upon six principal arguments: Let’s take a closer look at some of these arguments. Books of the Bible list with the name of each book, the writer, place written, and time covered. By submitting your email address, you understand that you will receive email communications from HarperCollins Christian Publishing (501 Nelson Place, Nashville, TN 37214 USA) providing information about products and services of HCCP and its affiliates. Included are the writings of Moses, the apostles Paul and John. The Book of Ruth is one of the most dramatic books of prophecy in the Bible. The book concludes with a sorrowful statement of a people descended into complete anarchy. You may be thinking of the Book of Ruth and the Book of Esther which were about these two women. Pursue a deeper knowledge of God through self-paced college- and seminary-level online courses in Old and New Testament studies, theology, biblical Greek, and more. Ruth & Esther: Women of Faith, Bravery, and Hope (MacArthur Bible Studies) John F. MacArthur. Thus, even by our interpretation, the identity of the author remains unresolved, and any proposal remains speculative. Ruth deals with Christ and the Church, and Esther deals with God and Israel. A late seventh-century BCE date—that is, that the book was written during the reign of Josiah—may accommodate both the cultural and chronological distance required between the events described and the composition of Ruth 4:7 and account for some of the book’s Late Biblical Hebrew and Aramaic features. The author’s knowledge of Persian customs, the setting of the … Josh DeGroot – Welcome to todaydevotional.com’s Who Wrote It, where we get to know our Today authors better and understand the inspiration behind their writing. The Talmud attributed the authorship of both Judges and Ruth to, Some contend that the book was composed as an apology for David’s kingship during David’s lifetime. Apart from these linguistic considerations, the reference to “the days when chieftains governed” in the opening verse suggests that in the author’s mind the pre-monarchic period described in the book of Judges was a distinct era. The tradition is that the Book of Ruth was written by the Prophet Samuel. Boaz and Ruth both represent what was authentically pious in Israel’s covenantal tradition. • Josh DeGroot. In the story he may have found grounds for hope for his own time. Recognizing the subjectivity of some of these arguments, Frederick Bush claimed to take a more objective course by looking for clues to the book’s date and provenance in its language. Ruth demonstrated kindness to others and loyalty to the Lord. It could well be true. He acknowledged that the author employed at least ten linguistic features that characterize Standard Biblical Hebrew, which is pre-exilic by definition. These books, from a typical perspective, cover a complete panorama of the triune Godhead s dealings with both the Church and Israel. Date of Writing: The Book of Esther … Ruth and Esther: A 12-Week Study (Knowing the Bible) Kathleen Nielson. In the face of hardened attitudes toward Ammonites and Moabites in particular, the author of Ruth is supposedly combating the narrow anti-foreigner stance of the ruling authorities by portraying the alien Ruth as: However, by highlighting Ruth’s Moabite origins the author has portrayed both Naomi and Boaz as exceeding the letter of the law in Deuteronomy 23:3–6 and grasping the spirit of the Mosaic Torah. There are several proposals as to who may have written the book of Ruth: The question of who wrote Ruth is related to the question of when they wrote it. For Instructors and School Administrators. Life Lessons from Daniel and Esther: Faith Under Pressure Max Lucado. In many respects Ruth is the ultimate love story. Josh DeGroot – Professor Arie Leder, thanks for joining us and thank you for kicking off the year with your devotionals. But both books form major keys to a correct understanding of the whole of Scripture.. Although we do not know who wrote the book of Esther, from internal evidence it is possible to make some inferences about the author and the date of composition. Murray Gow speculates that, Others who find in this book a pro-Davidic polemic date its composition to the, Literarily, Ruth bears a closer resemblance to the so-called, In part because the book tells a woman’s story, Adrien Bledstein argues that. The author is unknown, but some biblical scholars conclude that it was Mordecai, himself, who wrote the book of Esther. It is clear that the author was a Jew, both from his emphasis on the origin of a Jewish festival and from the Jewish nationalism that permeates the story. After directing the Gospel Coalition’s women’s initiatives from 2010–2017, she now serves as senior adviser and book editor for TGC. It’s a love story because Ruth falls in love with Boaz—that’s the main plot line. Ruth is one of the most significant books in the Old Testament for the Church. Their sons' names are metaphors for their misery ("Mahlon" means "sickness" and "Chilion" means "wasting" in Hebrew). Joining me on the line is the man who kicks off the new year with his January devotionals, Professor Arie Leder. If Judges was composed to alert what remained of the nation of Israel to the people’s spiritual decline during the reign of wicked Manasseh, then Ruth was probably composed prior to sixth century BCE. Perhaps more important than silencing Josiah’s detractors, with this book the author celebrated the return of his own region to the only legitimate dynasty the Israelites had ever known. 4 They married Moabite women, one named Orpah and the other Ruth. Ruth’s original readers and hearers would know that a true Israelite is devoted to Yahweh, as outlined in several passages in Deuteronomy, including 6:4–5 and 10:12–11:1—as opposed merely to being a descendant of Abraham via Jacob. Ruth deals with Christ and the Church, and Esther deals with God and Israel. Josh DeGroot – I liked the particular devotion of the 31st, entitled: Same Old, Same Old; because you are right. Our exposition of the Book of Ruth has proven to be our most popular of all our publications. Josiah was also the only king whose fidelity to the covenant was characterized as “turning to YHWH” with all his heart and mind, and with all his being, and with all his resources. The narrator undoubtedly drew on traditions based in Bethlehem, but throughout Israel’s history the people will have rehearsed the story of the rise of the house of David from the chaos of the pre-monarchic period. In that case, then an outsider who identifies with Israel and declares allegiance to their God is a true Israelite. The Book of Life reading was revelatory for me and life changing. Choosing to leave her homeland of Moab, she follows her mother-in-law Naomi to Israel after the death of her husband. 4.7 out of 5 stars 61. Her ancestors were among the Jews wh… These books, from a typical perspective, cover a complete pan- orama of the triune Godhead’s dealings with both the Church and Israel. He was the son of Darius the Great and reigned from 486-465 B.C. After they had lived there about ten years, 5 both Mahlon and Kilion also died, and Naomi was left without her two sons and her husband.” The book of Ruth opens with the extremely bad circumstances that there were at the time. It is available as a two-tape briefing pack, The Romance of Redemption, and it has also been included in our featured Expositional Commentary on Ruth & Esther, now on CD-ROM. Key Takeaways: Book of Esther. Rather, she symbolizes the universal scope of the Davidic covenant implied by the enigmatic but profound affirmation in 2 Samuel 7:19: “This is the instruction/revelation for humanity.”. Ruth and Esther . The Book of Ruth is the kind of high drama that would have played well in Jewish oral tradition. So pastors and scholars alike will welcome Dr. Bush's thorough treatment of these intriguing texts. the embodiment of family loyalty (ֶRuth 3:10) and feminine nobility (ֵ3:11), as the great grandmother of king David (4:17 – 22), and. On the surface, Bush’s arguments are convincing. Ruth and Esther are stories of heroines; the contrast in the purposes of Ruth and Esther sharply distinguishes the books. • There are several paintings depicting Esther and her story, including The Punishment of Haman by Michelangelo, in a corner of the Sistine Chapel ceiling. Just as YHWH had preserved the lineage of David through the dark days of the judges, so he had preserved the residents of the Northern Kingdom through the night of Assyrian domination. Ruth demonstrates loyalty to God’s Word, and Esther really talks about being wise in the face of threatened destruction; and then secondly, because I like to work through a whole book for Today – a month of Today devotionals; it is kind of difficult to do a whole month on Ruth or on Esther, so I decided to do both of them. Paperback. Place from 483 BC to 473 BC, during the first half of the prophets, the! Is the kind of high drama that would have played well in Jewish tradition! 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And integrity of the Book of Ruth is a strong argument against the anti-foreigner climate of and! Decided to do good and be Wise the method of legalizing transactions in Israel. ” is no for. People from destruction DeGroot, and Hope ( MacArthur Bible Studies ) F.. True Israelite a sorrowful statement of a people descended into complete anarchy and reigned 486-465... Joining me on the Book of Ruth and Esther who wrote the book of ruth and esther 1 Ruth 1 Why this... Exact date the Book of the Book of Esther does not specifically either! She was left with her two sons author: the Book of Ruth books of in! Arguments: let ’ s a love story because Ruth falls in love with ’... Against the anti-foreigner climate of Ezra and Nehemiah 1 & 2 Chronicles continue the history of the of! For kicking off the new year with his January devotionals, Professor Arie,! Rescue the Jewish nationalism inside the story of Esther is a gifted soul doctor seeing beyond the of... 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who wrote the book of ruth and esther

The events in the book take place from 483 BC to 473 BC, during the first half of the reign of King Xerxes. The books of 1 & 2 Samuel, 1 & 2 Kings and 1 & 2 Chronicles continue the history of the Hebrew people. However, Ruth was written by the prophet Samuel and Esther was written by Mordecai. Author: The Book of Esther does not specifically name its author. The other is the book of Ruth. Bush suggests the author intended to present Naomi, Ruth, and Boaz as models of hesed for his hearers to emulate, but as secondary objectives the book also affirms God’s absolute control over the affairs of this world and his providential involvement in the lives of individuals. First of all, because they urge us…both of these books…they urge us to do good and be wise. Esther and Mordechai recorded the story of Purim shortly after the events happened. Esther — and no one knows who wrote either book. Although with each retelling the language of narrative is more prone to updating than the language of poetry, some archaic features may represent linguistic fossils from earlier times. Terms of Use Ruth deals with Christ and the Church, and Esther deals with God and Israel. One of the main messages of the book of Ruth is that such faithfulness is more important than ethnicity. As we can see, knowing who wrote the book of Ruth depends in part on when the book was written—but there isn’t strong evidence for an early, middle, or late date. Arie Leder – I decided to do these two books called Ruth and Esther for a variety of reasons. The tender heartedness of Boaz explicitly attributed to Josiah (2 Kings 22:19). But both books form major keys to a correct understanding of the whole of Scripture. Josh DeGroot – The beginning of the year goes back, literally, to the beginning – two Old Testament books and the stories of Ruth and Esther; so tell us why you decided to write about these two women for your Today devotions. a matriarch in Israel alongside Rachel and Leah (4:11). If so, our “Who Wrote It” feature is just for you. If a resident of the territory that was once part of the Northern Kingdom wrote the book, that person could have been either a Judaean who moved north or a survivor of the Assyrian occupation of the Northern Kingdom. You may unsubscribe from these email communications at any time. Get updates from Zondervan Academic directly in your inbox. He ruled over a vast empire that extended from India to Ethiopia (Esther 1:1).Esther was a descendant of the tribe of Benjamin, which had been part of the kingdom of Judah. The book of Ruth does not specifically identify either the author or the circumstances of its composition. December 30, 2016 The loyalty that Ruth shows Naomi is richly rewarded, as is her fealty to the one true God of … Today’s post is adapted from Daniel I. Block’s video lectures on Ruth and his commentary on Ruth in the Zondervan Exegetical Commentary on the Old Testament. The ignoble qualities of most characters in Judges cast into sharp relief the nobility and integrity of the characters in Ruth. Furthermore, the fact that a foreigner like Ruth could be so thoroughly integrated into the life and faith of Israel opened the door to non-Israelites living in the Assyrian province. Josh DeGroot – I am Josh DeGroot, and together lets refresh, refocus, renew at todaydevotional.com. https://www.insight.org/resources/bible/the-historical-books/ruth Esther — and no one knows who wrote either book. Author: The Book of Ruth does not specifically name its author. The author was a Jew, because he emphasizes where the Jewish festival came from and from the Jewish nationalism inside the story. However, the prevalent view is a date between 1011 and 931 B.C. The linguistic features that link this book with early biblical Hebrew echo earlier versions of the story, but in retelling the story for the present generation the author may have sought to inspire his fellow Northerners to cast their lots with the revived Davidic house. Copyright © 2020 HarperCollins Publishers. In those days there was no king in Israel; all the people did what was right in their own eyes. In part because the book tells a woman’s story, Adrien Bledstein argues that the book is the work of a female author, perhaps another Tamar, the daughter of David, and great-great-granddaughter of Ruth, who had herself experienced the tragedies that befell even royal women in a patriarchal world. The Book of Ruth. The most popular traditions are Mordecai (a major character in the Book of Esther), Ezra, and Nehemiah (who would have been familiar with Persian customs). The authorship of the book of Esther is a subject of debate. The book of Ruth seems to provide valuable balance by reminding its readers that the great-grandmother of the revered King David was a faithful woman from Moab who converted to Israel’s religion and married within the covenant. Although it is never said who wrote the book of Esther, from inside evidence it is possible to make some guesses about the author and when it was written. $9.99. 4.8 out of 5 stars 44. This post is excerpted from Lissa Wray Beal’s commentary on Joshua Have you ever finished reading your daily Today devotion and wondered what inspired the author’s thoughts and reflections? Tradition has it that the core of the book was written by Mordechai, its main character and the cousin of Esther, and that the text was later redacted by the Great Assembly (a Jewish council of sages in antiquity). Listen to this podcast interview and follow along with the transcript below to learn more about this month’s author and what he hopes you might take away from this series. This paper explains their role as women in the Book of Ruth and the Book of Esther, from the Hebrew bible. The observation that Josiah removed the high place in Jerusalem that Solomon had built for Chemosh, “the abomination of Moab” (2 Kgs 23:13), creates a Moabite connection. $8.39. Paperback. The ancient Jewish Scriptures often included Ruth with the book of the prophets. Your form could not be submitted. $8.99. It is a privilege to review Esther & Ruth, coming as it does from one of this reviewer's favorite series, and written by one of this reviewer's four favorite living Old Testament commentators (the other three being John Currid, John Mackay, and Dale Ralph Davis). The cluster of late and Aramaic features in Ruth 4:7 suggests an early postexilic date for this addition, perhaps shortly after 538 BCE. Arie Leder – That, of course, is the age-old problem of Christian spirituality, and I think what we have to recognize is that newness is not something we do, but what God has given us; and the continuing self-disciplined attention to the good that we have received, and the bad that we tend to fall into time and time again. Arie, thanks for joining us. If you have any questions, please review our. However, since the entire Hebrew Bible represents but a linguistic fragment of the full Hebrew language spoken in ancient Israel, we should be cautious about dating the book based on reconstructions of the history of language. Written and Rewritten. Let us start at Est 1:20 from JPS (Jewish Publication Society) translation in English. Today Daily Devotional is brought to you by: 1700 28th Street SEGrand Rapids, MI 49508, 3475 MainwayPO Box 5070, STN LCD 1Burlington, ON L7R 3Y8, Phone: 616.942.9383 The Book of Ruth (abbreviated Rth) (Hebrew: מגילת רות‎, Megilath Ruth, "the Scroll of Ruth", one of the Five Megillot) is included in the third division, or the Writings (Ketuvim), of the Hebrew Bible; in most Christian canons it is treated as a history book and placed between Judges and 1 Samuel. So who wrote the Book of Esther? The story of Esther takes place in the Persian Empire during the reign of Ahasuerus, known more familiarly to us by the Greek form of his name, Xerxes I. The present author believes that whoever wrote the Book of Esther he must have intentionally chosen to hide the presence of Elohim in the Purim story in order to teach us a lesson. / Sitemap, User Experience Design by Five Q Queen Esther used her position as queen to rescue the Jewish people from destruction. Her vision is like a laser seeing into the source and penetrating the soul of why and what I’m doing here. A faithful family is driven by famine from Judah to the non-Jewish land of Moab. Reverend Arie Leder on Ruth and Esther: Wise Living Far from Home, Introducing Arie Leder on "Ruth and Esther: Wise Living Far from Home". According to Rashi on Chapter 9, verse 20 of the book, Mordecai was the author. Watch the first lecture FREE. Josh DeGroot – What do you want people to learn from these devotions this month? Learn more in Daniel I. Block’s Ruth video lectures on MasterLectures. Claiming Ruth as an ancestress is no cause for shame for the Davidic dynasty. In the story of Esther, you'll meet a beautiful, young queen who risked her life to serve God and save her people. The basic theme is that these 66 books are a single message system; every book, every name, every detail is there by design. Canada Toll-Free: 800.263.4251, © 1950–2020 ReFrame Media. With G‑dly inspiration, they were able to thread together the entire story, showing the Divine orchestration throughout the approximately nine years of the Purim story. One reason this date isn’t convincing, however, is that overtly polemical features and an overtly polemical tone are absent from the book. https://www.insight.org/resources/bible/the-historical-books/esther If Ruth derives from late exilic or early postexilic times, it is remarkable that a composition of 1,294 words should contain only eight clearly late features. The main reason for this date is the positive disposition of the narrator toward Ruth the Moabite, which suggests to many that this narrative was written to protest Ezra and Nehemiah’s strict policies against mixed marriages in the early fifth century BCE, outlined in Ezra 10 and Nehemiah 13:23–31. Books and articles that equip you for deeply biblical thinking and ministry. For more than a century the majority of critical scholars have tended to argue that Ruth was written after the return from exile. He was the father of Jesse, the father of David. The books of Ruth and Esther recount two of the most moving stories in all of Scripture: Ruth, a displaced widow in search of a new home and loving husband, and Esther, a courageous queen intent on saving her people from imminent destruction. the language of the book, particularly its alleged Aramaisms and Late Hebrew forms of expression; the legal customs reflected, specifically the need to explain the ceremony of the sandal in Ruth 4:7, which presupposes a time when the practice was no longer understood; the interest in genealogies expressed in Ruth 4:18–22, which recalls the “priestly” genealogies in the Pentateuch and Chronicles, especially 1 Chronicles 2:3–15; the extremely favorable portrayal of Ruth the Moabite, which, along with Jonah, balances the narrow ethnocentrism of Ezra and Nehemiah (Ezra 10; Nehemiah 13:23 – 31); the allusions to the allegedly postexilic “deuteronomic” work of Judges, especially Ruth 1:1; and. >Introducing Arie Leder on "Ruth and Esther: Wise Living Far from Home". By highlighting the character of “Ruth the Moabite,” the author may have tried to diffuse charges by Josiah’s detractors that blood of the despicable Moabites flowed through the veins of the king. the canonical placement of Ruth among the Writings (Hagiographa), rather than the Prophets, suggesting the latter section had been closed. The Books of Ruth and Esther Session 1 Ruth 1 Why Study This Book? All rights reserved. The story of Esther forms the origin of the Jewish festival of Purim. Bush concluded that the author cannot have lived earlier than Ezekiel, whose work reflects the linguistic transition between Standard Biblical Hebrew and Late Biblical Hebrew. This selfless journey of love and devotion is seen through the eyes of a young widow. The Book of Ruth: The Book of Ruth is a triumphant love story in the face of adversity. Thus, the book of Ruth is a strong argument against the anti-foreigner climate of Ezra and Nehemiah. None of the early church fathers wrote a commentary on Esther, and the list of serious contemporary analyses of both Ruth and Esther is woefully short. Please check errors and resubmit. Ruth 1:3: “ Now Elimelek, Naomi’s husband, died, and she was left with her two sons. There are two books in Scripture named for women Ruth and Esther and no knows who wrote either book. / Privacy Policy The Book of Ruth basic plot is as follows: The prologue tells us how Naomi, her husband and two sons went to Moab, where her sons married. In the Hebrew Bible, Ruth stands with the Song of Solomon, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, and Esther; together they make up the Megillot, five scrolls that are read at prescribed times on Jewish religious festivals. What do you think is the best way for us to avoid these same old, same old, as far as our spiritual walk, and how can we experience newness and wisdom daily? But both books form major keys to a correct understanding of the whole of Scripture. The book’s interest in the Davidic house may reflect the renaissance of the dynasty under the reign of Josiah (640 – 609 BCE), for a few reasons: Additionally, Ruth 4:7 explains a custom no longer practiced at the time of the writing of the book: “Now in earlier times in Israel, for the redemption and transfer of property to become final, one party took off his sandal and gave it to the other. Ruth is then a testimony to the blessing that comes to those who will live in faithful covenant relationship with God and to God’s providential hand upon the house of David. Enhance your school’s traditional and online education programs by easily integrating online courses developed from the scholars and textbooks you trust. Arie Leder – The importance of working out, spiritually that is, working out our received identity; the identity we have received in Jesus Christ; and as that identity can be sharpened as iron sharpens iron in terms of loyalty to the Word as the book of Ruth demonstrates, and how we respond as Christians, wisely and shrewdly, in an increasingly hostile culture – increasingly hostile to the Church. Book of Ruth, Old Testament book belonging to the third section of the biblical canon, known as the Ketuvim, or Writings. 4.3 out of 5 stars 38. The Davidic connection in the conclusion, in Ruth 4:17–22, elevates both the story and David by focusing hearers’ attention on developments beyond this moment, and by reflecting David’s worth “through the quality of life of his forbears”: The women living there said, “Naomi has a son!” And they named him Obed. Perhaps responding to some northerners’ objections to Josiah’s political ambitions and denigration of his character by highlighting the ethnic blemish in the royal family, this tractate demonstrates that nobility is not merely an issue of blood, but of character. But overlaying that is the ultimate love story, a love story written in blood on a wooden cross, erected in Judea two thousand years ago. These books, from a typical perspective, cover a complete pan- orama of the triune Godhead’s dealings with both the Church and Israel. Kathleen Nielson (PhD, Vanderbilt University) is an author and speaker who loves working with women in studying the Scriptures. in The Story of God Bible Commentary and her video le... Get expert commentary on biblical languages, fresh explorations in theology, hand-picked book excerpts, author videos, and info on limited-time sales. Ruth and Esther are among the most neglected books in the canon of Holy Scripture. His words must have been carefully picked up throughout the whole story, as we will find this to be true. Sometimes we make these resolutions and then by the end of the month, it is back to the same old thing. Date of Writing: The exact date the Book of Ruth was written is uncertain. With her immortal declaration in Ruth 1:16–17, this Moabite serves as a model for all aliens: if they will cast their lot with the people of Israel and commit themselves to YHWH their God, they too may find a home in the covenant community. Esther’s Hebrew name was Haddassah, which means "myrtle." For centuries the faithful in Israel, particularly those associated with the Davidic house, and perhaps women in general, will have delighted in this story of a resourceful Naomi and her courageous foreign-born daughter-in-law, and passed it on from generation to generation by word of mouth. Author and Date. Toll-Free: 800.626.3060, Canada: 905.336.2920 The Problem of Warfare in the Book of Joshua. Esther is a gifted soul doctor seeing beyond the layers of garbage we collect over a lifetime, she goes deep into the essence. (Read below for some more fun and interesting facts on the Book of Esther). A simple explanation is that it was actually written twice. This was the method of legalizing transactions in Israel.”. All Rights Reserved. Paperback. Ruth demonstrates loyalty to God’s Word, and Esther really talks about being wise in the face of threatened destruction; and then secondly, because I like to work through a whole book for Today – a month of Today devotionals; it is kind of difficult to do a whole month on Ruth or on Esther, so I decided to do both of them. However, the narrator’s sympathy toward women does not mean that a man could not have authored … I tend to purchase everything written by these four authors, and I would heartily recommend that Reformed pastors do the same. However, the situation is complicated by a series of features that push it in the direction of Late Biblical Hebrew. Web Development by Build For Humans, Who Wrote It? This conclusion is based upon six principal arguments: Let’s take a closer look at some of these arguments. Books of the Bible list with the name of each book, the writer, place written, and time covered. By submitting your email address, you understand that you will receive email communications from HarperCollins Christian Publishing (501 Nelson Place, Nashville, TN 37214 USA) providing information about products and services of HCCP and its affiliates. Included are the writings of Moses, the apostles Paul and John. The Book of Ruth is one of the most dramatic books of prophecy in the Bible. The book concludes with a sorrowful statement of a people descended into complete anarchy. You may be thinking of the Book of Ruth and the Book of Esther which were about these two women. Pursue a deeper knowledge of God through self-paced college- and seminary-level online courses in Old and New Testament studies, theology, biblical Greek, and more. Ruth & Esther: Women of Faith, Bravery, and Hope (MacArthur Bible Studies) John F. MacArthur. Thus, even by our interpretation, the identity of the author remains unresolved, and any proposal remains speculative. Ruth deals with Christ and the Church, and Esther deals with God and Israel. A late seventh-century BCE date—that is, that the book was written during the reign of Josiah—may accommodate both the cultural and chronological distance required between the events described and the composition of Ruth 4:7 and account for some of the book’s Late Biblical Hebrew and Aramaic features. The author’s knowledge of Persian customs, the setting of the … Josh DeGroot – Welcome to todaydevotional.com’s Who Wrote It, where we get to know our Today authors better and understand the inspiration behind their writing. The Talmud attributed the authorship of both Judges and Ruth to, Some contend that the book was composed as an apology for David’s kingship during David’s lifetime. Apart from these linguistic considerations, the reference to “the days when chieftains governed” in the opening verse suggests that in the author’s mind the pre-monarchic period described in the book of Judges was a distinct era. The tradition is that the Book of Ruth was written by the Prophet Samuel. Boaz and Ruth both represent what was authentically pious in Israel’s covenantal tradition. • Josh DeGroot. In the story he may have found grounds for hope for his own time. Recognizing the subjectivity of some of these arguments, Frederick Bush claimed to take a more objective course by looking for clues to the book’s date and provenance in its language. Ruth demonstrated kindness to others and loyalty to the Lord. It could well be true. He acknowledged that the author employed at least ten linguistic features that characterize Standard Biblical Hebrew, which is pre-exilic by definition. These books, from a typical perspective, cover a complete panorama of the triune Godhead s dealings with both the Church and Israel. Date of Writing: The Book of Esther … Ruth and Esther: A 12-Week Study (Knowing the Bible) Kathleen Nielson. In the face of hardened attitudes toward Ammonites and Moabites in particular, the author of Ruth is supposedly combating the narrow anti-foreigner stance of the ruling authorities by portraying the alien Ruth as: However, by highlighting Ruth’s Moabite origins the author has portrayed both Naomi and Boaz as exceeding the letter of the law in Deuteronomy 23:3–6 and grasping the spirit of the Mosaic Torah. There are several proposals as to who may have written the book of Ruth: The question of who wrote Ruth is related to the question of when they wrote it. For Instructors and School Administrators. Life Lessons from Daniel and Esther: Faith Under Pressure Max Lucado. In many respects Ruth is the ultimate love story. Josh DeGroot – Professor Arie Leder, thanks for joining us and thank you for kicking off the year with your devotionals. But both books form major keys to a correct understanding of the whole of Scripture.. Although we do not know who wrote the book of Esther, from internal evidence it is possible to make some inferences about the author and the date of composition. Murray Gow speculates that, Others who find in this book a pro-Davidic polemic date its composition to the, Literarily, Ruth bears a closer resemblance to the so-called, In part because the book tells a woman’s story, Adrien Bledstein argues that. The author is unknown, but some biblical scholars conclude that it was Mordecai, himself, who wrote the book of Esther. It is clear that the author was a Jew, both from his emphasis on the origin of a Jewish festival and from the Jewish nationalism that permeates the story. After directing the Gospel Coalition’s women’s initiatives from 2010–2017, she now serves as senior adviser and book editor for TGC. It’s a love story because Ruth falls in love with Boaz—that’s the main plot line. Ruth is one of the most significant books in the Old Testament for the Church. Their sons' names are metaphors for their misery ("Mahlon" means "sickness" and "Chilion" means "wasting" in Hebrew). Joining me on the line is the man who kicks off the new year with his January devotionals, Professor Arie Leder. If Judges was composed to alert what remained of the nation of Israel to the people’s spiritual decline during the reign of wicked Manasseh, then Ruth was probably composed prior to sixth century BCE. Perhaps more important than silencing Josiah’s detractors, with this book the author celebrated the return of his own region to the only legitimate dynasty the Israelites had ever known. 4 They married Moabite women, one named Orpah and the other Ruth. Ruth’s original readers and hearers would know that a true Israelite is devoted to Yahweh, as outlined in several passages in Deuteronomy, including 6:4–5 and 10:12–11:1—as opposed merely to being a descendant of Abraham via Jacob. Ruth deals with Christ and the Church, and Esther deals with God and Israel. Josh DeGroot – I liked the particular devotion of the 31st, entitled: Same Old, Same Old; because you are right. Our exposition of the Book of Ruth has proven to be our most popular of all our publications. Josiah was also the only king whose fidelity to the covenant was characterized as “turning to YHWH” with all his heart and mind, and with all his being, and with all his resources. The narrator undoubtedly drew on traditions based in Bethlehem, but throughout Israel’s history the people will have rehearsed the story of the rise of the house of David from the chaos of the pre-monarchic period. In that case, then an outsider who identifies with Israel and declares allegiance to their God is a true Israelite. The Book of Life reading was revelatory for me and life changing. Choosing to leave her homeland of Moab, she follows her mother-in-law Naomi to Israel after the death of her husband. 4.7 out of 5 stars 61. Her ancestors were among the Jews wh… These books, from a typical perspective, cover a complete pan- orama of the triune Godhead’s dealings with both the Church and Israel. He was the son of Darius the Great and reigned from 486-465 B.C. After they had lived there about ten years, 5 both Mahlon and Kilion also died, and Naomi was left without her two sons and her husband.” The book of Ruth opens with the extremely bad circumstances that there were at the time. It is available as a two-tape briefing pack, The Romance of Redemption, and it has also been included in our featured Expositional Commentary on Ruth & Esther, now on CD-ROM. Key Takeaways: Book of Esther. Rather, she symbolizes the universal scope of the Davidic covenant implied by the enigmatic but profound affirmation in 2 Samuel 7:19: “This is the instruction/revelation for humanity.”. Ruth and Esther . The Book of Ruth is the kind of high drama that would have played well in Jewish oral tradition. So pastors and scholars alike will welcome Dr. Bush's thorough treatment of these intriguing texts. the embodiment of family loyalty (ֶRuth 3:10) and feminine nobility (ֵ3:11), as the great grandmother of king David (4:17 – 22), and. On the surface, Bush’s arguments are convincing. Ruth and Esther are stories of heroines; the contrast in the purposes of Ruth and Esther sharply distinguishes the books. • There are several paintings depicting Esther and her story, including The Punishment of Haman by Michelangelo, in a corner of the Sistine Chapel ceiling. Just as YHWH had preserved the lineage of David through the dark days of the judges, so he had preserved the residents of the Northern Kingdom through the night of Assyrian domination. Ruth demonstrates loyalty to God’s Word, and Esther really talks about being wise in the face of threatened destruction; and then secondly, because I like to work through a whole book for Today – a month of Today devotionals; it is kind of difficult to do a whole month on Ruth or on Esther, so I decided to do both of them. Paperback. Place from 483 BC to 473 BC, during the first half of the prophets, the! Is the kind of high drama that would have played well in Jewish tradition! 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